We have gathered a body of evidence that suggests that religion is a common fact of human nature across different societies. This suggests that attempts to suppress religion are likely to be short-lived as human thought seems to be rooted to religious concepts, such as the existence of supernatural agents or gods, and the possibility of an afterlife or pre-life.
This should surprise no one; something has to account for the faith-based irrationality exhibited by most adult humans.
Studies […] suggest that children below the age of five find it easier to believe in some superhuman properties than to understand similar human limitations. […B]y the age of four, children start to understand that [adults] are not all-seeing and all knowing. However, children may continue to believe in all-seeing, all-knowing supernatural agents, such as a god or gods.
The takeaway that affirms what we (and especially the church) already knew? Children should be inculcated as early as possible.
I appreciated this bit:
[T]heology and atheism are reasoned responses to what is a basic impulse of the human mind. (Emphasis mine.)