An awesome conversation between Ben Goertzel and Hugo de Garis, two of my favorites in this space.
This "mathematical principle" is closely analogous to the "anthropic principle" in the sense that our particular universe design seems so fantastically a priori improbable. One is virtually forced to accept it has been designed. The so called "designer" traditionally was conceived of as a theity, but now that we humans can imagine [artificial intellects], we have a new way to imagine the designer, i.e. as an artificial intellect, and hence compatible with our deeply held scientific principles. I guess what I'm saying is "artilectual deism is compatible with science", whereas "traditional theism is simply pre-scientific garbage."